IISER Kolkata was established in 2006 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. IISER - K is designed to reach the prestigious position in the global setting that IISc, IIMs and IITs presently enjoy. IISER - K is an autonomous institution awarding its own degrees. The central theme of the IISER - K is to integrate education with research so that undergraduate teaching as well as doctoral and postdoctoral research work could be carried out in symbiosis.
IISER Kolkata is currently functioning from two location i.e Mohanpur campus and Salt Lake campus. All the teaching and reserach infrastructures are located at Mohanpur campus, where as Salt-lake campus deals with only a small part of administrative works.